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Medium 9780253357144

4. Evil, Freedom, and Foreknowledge

Hugh J. McCann Indiana University Press ePub


The argument of the foregoing chapters is in line with what theists have traditionally claimed: that God is the creator of heaven and earth and all that they contain, and that whatever occurs in the universe does so under divine providence—that is, under God's sovereign guidance and control. But believers usually assert more than this. They hold that God governs creation as a loving father, working all things for good. Moreover, it is said, God is an absolutely perfect being. He is, first of all, omniscient or all-knowing: he knows of all truths that they are true and of all falsehoods that they are false, whether they pertain to the past, present or future. And God's knowledge does not change. Nothing is learned or forgotten with him; what he knows, he knows from eternity and infallibly. Second, God is omnipotent or all-powerful: that is, on the usual understanding, anything that is logically possible, he can do. Finally and perhaps most important, God is perfectly good in both will and achievement: in all circumstances he acts for the best, intending the best possible outcome, and his will is not thwarted. Given these suppositions, we can only expect that creation will be ordained to perfect good: that as creator God pitches his efforts, which none can resist, toward accomplishing the greatest good imaginable, and hence that the world in which we find ourselves is, as Leibniz put it, the best of all possible worlds.

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Medium 9781855757684

Introduction: Malcolm Pines

Karnac Books ePub

Malcolm Pines

In the 1970s, the revisionist psychoanalyst George Klein emphasized that psychoanalytic theory had not yet found the rightful place for what Hopper (2003) has termed the essential “sociality” of human beings. Klein pointed out that in the structural theory of id, ego, and superego, there was no place and no word for “us-ness”, or “we-ness” as a complement for “ego” and perhaps for “id” or “it”. We needed a concept such as the “we-go”, but somehow this was not quite the right word for this. Now, on the basis of his European classical education, Tom Ormay, who is not only a group analyst but also a philosopher of science, in “Mirror neurons, sociality, and the species homo sapiens” has given us the missing word: “nos”.

Ormay does not want to discard Freud’s great achievement in presenting us with his structural theory, with which he replaced his original drive theory, taking into account the great social forces of human society. In Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego (1921c), Freud wrote that, from the very first, individual psychology is at the same time social psychology as well: all intrapsychic object relationships can be considered as social phenomena. However, Freud could not accept the proposal of the American psychoanalyst Trigant Burrow that psychoanalytic theory itself should be open to what Burrow called “group analysis”, the result of his exploration of the dynamics of small groups. Later, Foulkes remembered that he had read these papers, as well as the related work of Fromm, Horney, Adler, and others who shared similar interests.

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Medium 9781567263695

Chapter 4: Indirect Costs

Oyer, Darrell J. Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

As defined in the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), after all direct costs have been identified, all remaining costs are indirect. Indirect costs must be allowable per FAR Part 31. One of the five elements of allowability is allocability—whether the indirect-cost pools are properly allocating costs to the cost objectives that cause the cost or benefit from the cost incurrence. If a contractor has an established indirect cost structure, this structure must be used for pricing indirect costs. If no structure exists, a cost structure must be established in support of the proposal.

Other aspects of cost allowability are: (1) reasonableness of the cost, (2) compliance with generally accepted accounting practices (GAAP) and the Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) if applicable, (3) compliance with solicitation or contract terms, and (4) compliance with the numerous cost rules in FAR Subpart 31.2.

Estimating principles involve historical rates, budgeted rates, and estimated rates for the specific proposal. Rates must be developed in accordance with the contractor’s cost accounting period. Rates may be needed for more than one year into the future.

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Medium 9781607059790

Envelope Clutch

Heidi Staples Stash Books ePub


MANICURE KIT SIZE: 9½˝ × 7˝ closed, 9½˝ × 17˝ open

ART PACK SIZE: 15½˝ × 12˝ closed, 15½˝ × 33˝ open

There is lovely simplicity in an envelope clutch. Its classic shape looks both elegant and modern, and the piece can be designed for so many different situations. I’ve included two sizes that you can easily adapt for a number of uses and occasions.


Kimberly Jolly of The Jolly Jabber (

Any tips for busy people trying to fit sewing into their life? Wake up 30 minutes early to get some sewing done during the peaceful morning time.

How do you entertain little ones while you sew? My kids have their own fabric cabinet, and I change it up often. They use the scraps to organize their own “quilts” on the floor.

Best advice for a new sewing blogger? Give yourself an achievable goal. Maybe you want to complete a small project each week. Maybe you will post a group of tutorials each month. Also, set boundaries. Many quilters use codenames for their family members just to be safe.

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Medium 9781576753958

3 Dirty Money: Inside the Secret World of Offshore Banking

Berrett-Koehler Publishers ePub

3 Offshore banking havens enable the extraction of $500 billion a year from
the Third World–a flow of dirty money that has become essential to
global elites.

Kuala Lumpur, July 1985: Maybe it was the heat, or perhaps the Guinness and Courvoisier had dulled my senses, but something about what the man next to me was saying didn’t quite add up. I was sitting with the chief finance officer of one of Malaysia’s largest investment cooperatives, the Koperatif Serbaguna Malaysia; he was a live-wire character and leading light in the Malaysian Chinese Association. I had spent the morning talking with his team and the cooperative’s board about the extraordinary growth of its deposit and investment activity. They had gone to great lengths to impress me. After our meeting we took the elevator to the sumptuous penthouse of their downtown office block, where they served me a feast of king prawns and other dishes, washed down with stout and French brandies.

But as lunch progressed and the atmosphere became increasingly relaxed, my neighbor seemed most interested in my childhood roots, thousands of miles away on the island of Jersey, one of Britain’s Channel Islands. He was especially fascinated by Jersey’s role as an offshore tax haven.

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